It was in the year 1986 where the law protecting whistleblower is made, congress has added the anti-retaliation protection laws to the existing false claims act that has been passed in the past decades. A whistleblower is a kind of person which tells on something he believes to be an illegal act, the employees are the most commonly known whistleblower and they tell on their employers which they suspect to be an illegal act. Under the law which protect whistleblowers, the employees must not be discharged, denoted, suspended, threatened or harassed in any form which discriminates the terms and conditions of their employment.
Reporting illegal acts which are only within the company is a ground for exemption, but there are still different public policies which can protect the employees from retaliation from the company that they are reporting. If it gets to turn out that an employer did not actually break the law, the employer is still entitled to the whistle blower protection from retaliation if they mostly believe that the employer has committed an illegal act. The whistleblower protection law does not cover employer retaliation for complaints about personal problems, the office policies is not to be used as a basis for filing a complaint against the employer and use the law for personal gain.
So for the employee to be well protected from employer retaliation, the company must have a suspected desecration of any Federal law but the violation needs to have provision that the law violated can protect whistleblowers. The whistlebower federal law which is not like false claims act would allow the whistleblower to file a lawsuit in a federal court and the law does not permit the whistleblower to go to the court directly.
The people that are concerned are mostly being pursued in an administrative way, these individuals concerned would file a complaint or charge to retaliate with or without a lawyer to represent them. But when the case could not get resolved in an immediate way, the administrative law judge would then preside over the only evidentiary hearing that can easily take place during their court hearing.
The whistleblower must not attempt to delay any kind of investigation of the possible legal answers, to maintain this kind of ruling the retaliation needs to be brought to the overall attention of the right government official. If they could not do this then the complaint could not be pursued, there are a big number of countries which have their own whistleblower laws and people must search for a lawyer which specializes in these laws.